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Abstract


Comparison on Fuzuli’s Mathnawi of Leyla and Mecnun and Shakespeare’s Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet in Terms of Narration Elements
Fuzuli's masnavi Leyla and Mecnun and Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet tragedy are the most popular and well-known stories among the tragic love stories of the East and the West. Although the types and writing purposes of the works are different, it is seen that there are important similarities and parallels between the two works when analyzed in terms of narrative elements such as plot, characters, time and space. In the treatment of the themes of the beginning of love, sociocultural pressures and obstacles, separation and death, there is also the existence of a strong fiction that seems to come from a common source as well as the artistic genius of Fuzuli and Shakespeare. Writers such as Süleyman Tevfik, Âgâh Sırrı Levend and Ali Asgar Hikmet have previously drawn attention to the strong similarities based on fiction, theme, emotion and discourse between the narratives of Leya and Mecnun and Romeo and Juliet, which have various versions in Eastern and Western literatures, but the fiction of the two works, has not been comparatively studied. In this study, the similarities in need of explanation between the stories of Leyla and Mecnun and Romeo and Juliet, which have become the symbols of love in the East and the West, are examined comparatively through the works of Fuzuli and Shakespeare, which are the most beautiful versions of these stories. It has been determined that the similarities are too intense to be explained by chance. When the relations between the two works are evaluated together with the historical ties between the Eastern and Western literatures and the interactions that occurred in different periods, they gain a realistic ground. Leyla and Mecnun and Romeo and Juliet have a symbolic value, especially in poetry and story genres, in terms of how much the Eastern heritage feeds the Western literature and culture.

Keywords
Leyla and Mecnun, Romeo and Juliet, Fuzuli, Shakespeare



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