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Abstract


The Verse Translation of Hundred Sayings That Belong to Caliph Ali
In the history of Turkish literature, some literary genre such as “medhiye (eulogy), hilye (portrait), menkıbe (legend)” are formed by inspired from the life and characteristics of Hz. Muhammed's four great caliphs. The literary works such as compliation, translation and annotation taken from four great caliphs'es wise sayings also constitutes one of these literary genres. In this work, a poetical translation and critised text of a hundered wise sayings which might be related to Caliph Ali and which is rumoured that famous Arabian scholar Cahız (ö. 255/ 869) selected these wise sayings is introduced and presented accordingly. In the hand written sample of these literary works, the name of translator and the translation date is not determined. According to these samples, the poet who translated the “Sad Kelime” to the Turkish in a poetic way did not add the introduction, the reason of writing and the epilogue to the literary sample. Furthermore, poet only translated a hundred Arabian aphorism to the Turkish with quatrain of each. Moreover, the oldest sample and characteristics of the language of these translation gives the clue of it might be written in the begining of 15. or 16. centuries. In the three of these known translations there are Persian quatrains can be found. These quatrains are the poems from Residüddin Vatvat’s book of “Matlûbu Külli Tâlib Min Kelâmi Emîri’lmü’minîn Alî bin Ebî Tâlib” which is translation and annotation related to Caliph Ali’s a hundered wise sayings. The unknown poet translated the Persian quatrains to the Turkish without translating the Arabian and Persian prosaic interpretations which are related to a hundered wise sayings.

Keywords
Caliph Ali, A Hundred Word, Câhız, Reşîüddîn Vatvat, Turkish.



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